Original title: beat the starting point of a child, ultimately arrive where? Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, June 1 – Question: to outperform the starting point of a child, ultimately arrive where? Xinhua News Agency "Xinhua Viewpoint" reporter Shu Jing, Zheng Tianhong, Chiang Fang teaching training institutions under remediation storm, known as the "cosmic tuition centers," the Beijing Haidian Huangzhuang changed the old lively hubbub, become scattered depression.
Once each layer is filled with all kinds of institutions Education and Training Center Building in silver mesh, and now a lot of empty rooms. Many training notice hanging on the door lock hydraulic shears, close to the yellow or pink suspend offline, only a few arts training institutions still operating.
Building one situation café only a few sporadic guest, parents wait in line with the previous bit different. May 21, the Central Committee comprehensively deepen reforms nineteenth meeting examined and adopted "further reduce the burden of student work off-campus training and the burden of compulsory education."
June 1, the State Administration of market regulation, said it had imposed a fine of 15 top grid-school training institutions totaling 36.5 million yuan.
The industry believes that, behind the training institute strict supervision, the whole society to advance, to reflect excessive education: to outperform the starting point of a child, ultimately arrive where? Comparable to the "arms race" of the "baby chicken" education Recently, a prestigious graduate parents to record a short video in the parents group heat transfer.
See "Oxford Reading Tree", listen to logical explanation, arrange independent reading, even to eat hearken to schedule poetry …… 3-year-old boy’s mother was scheduled full to the brim.
"I want not a magic today, tomorrow he will not become a job ……" The mother declared that "no mercy." Comments district, a lot of "baby chicken" Mom warmly endorse.
"Time is too not enough.
"Beijing Yue natural parents of third grade children (not his real name) said to 10:00 every day from school late, the child’s schedule is packed extracurricular classes, homework, practicing filled.
2018 International Student Assessment (PISA2018) test results show that my country’s four provinces, average weekly student campus classroom learning time in hours; PISA2015 data show that my country’s four provinces grow more than 20 hours per week students extracurricular learning. In extracurricular training, long, excess, advance science commonplace. Beijing mother Xiaowei (a pseudonym) in the third grade children, suddenly found their own children "too far behind."
Almost all the students in the "false start": Mathematical Olympiad, school high school curriculum, from small to read English original book.
Some pupils learning curve, so a lot of highly educated parents are strange powerless.
Guangzhou, a fifth grader from fourth grade began to rain on both Mathematical Olympiad classes, she said: "The subject is too difficult, my father is a mathematics graduate, and some solution title even he does not come out." Many parents put this education competition compared to "arms race."
"There is a piece saying ‘4-year-old English vocabulary 1500, in the United States enough, in the Haidian not enough’, originally I thought it was an exaggeration, may be a while before chatted with many parents, scared into a cold sweat, that is true.
"Haidian District, Beijing Ms. Gu some parents panic.
Even shopping can also bring a wave of anxiety. "I saw two full kindergarten children freely communicate in English, parents talk with them in English, but certainly his family are all Chinese people." Ms. Gu said.
Under anxiety, she flew to the children even report language, math, foreign three extra-curricular classes.
Shortcut or detour? More study, the more learning sooner, so that the children really okay? In the beginning outperformed the children eventually arrive where? Associate Professor, Tsinghua University Institute of Education Zhang Yuli with nine years of tracking data to study the effects sixth grade elementary school math tutoring after promoted to junior high school extracurricular academic performance.
The results show that the tutoring can improve the results in the short term, but for a long time, there is a negative impact on academic development and "lack of strength".
Zhang Yu believes that some content of too much or the test is not in line with the child’s cognitive law, and it is not conducive to the child’s thinking.
"For example, ‘chicken rabbit is the problem. The school usually solves the study, this is the study of primary school students must establish, know the path of things, compare age characteristics; but some extracurricular classes start from the aspective thinking, I will pull very high, The intermediate comment is weak.
"She said, some highly difficult Olympics, also uses a filling teaching method, emphasizing the results rather than process thinking." For education, I want to find shortcuts often bent. Zhang Yu said.
An industry insiders who have long been concerned about the "small promotion" policy say: "Some children are too embarrassed by primary schools, psychological overdrafts, have been tired of emotions, and then I don’t want to learn mathematics." Multi-secondary teachers observe, long-term counseling Children often "except sleep, homework, other things will not do it.
Will not do housework, can’t find classmates, what is going to arrange, teacher arrangement. Zhang Yu found that many students from excellent high schools, eventually chose to become a rolling moment, like to avoid the "screw" of the risk, and the current change of the world, the uncertainty has increased dramatically, when innovation ability becomes the core competitiveness of talents It is possible to make a disadvantage.
From a whole, education in the educational volume will also bring waste of human and social resources.
According to the "new alienation" view of German sociologist Rosa, this competitive logic and acceleration logic let more people feel that they stand on "landslides", they must run as fast as possible to stay in place. In the end, this will form a closed system. Acceleration machines do not create more value, personal dreams, goals, and life planning, must also be used to feed accelerator. Mr. Beijing’s parents will worry that the high pressure environment will affect the child’s mental health.
"There are no light in the eyes of children." For a long time, he is concerned about overseas education. It is said that children grow up in the "Chicken" model is busy with various training, competition, and they cannot get enough life skills and growth space, some people will Follow anxiety or even depression. A "90" girl said that before junior high school, the parents’ "chicken" education effect was more significant, but in the early middle, she didn’t do the first grade.
"Parents hope that I have a good high school, I have a big pressure.
"Li Songwei, psychological counselor, provides psychological counseling for college students in the famous colleges and universities. He notes that at least 80% of visitors are" the pressure of success or parents is very wolf. " "People". The data released by the National Health Committee shows that about 30 million children under the age of 17, about 30 million people are plagued by various emotional disorders and behavioral problems, and integrated measures must be intervened.
"985 waste" "lying flat", becoming a collective expression of some young people "self-departure".
There are many victors in these groups. In Li Songwei, this is also the resistance of a single value. "They don’t really want ‘lying flat’, but express a gesture. Parents also pay more attention to their children’s voice and rights.
When you support your child support and space, they will go faster.
"Education should" cultivate people "rather than" Screening people "Wang Jie, a special deputy researcher of the School of Politics and Public Affairs Management, Sun Yat-sen University, said that the production and professional layering, diploma society, selection examination, reward, cultural Traditionally, prisoners are related to the education policy, it is difficult to change. Zhang Yu believes that behind the educational anxiety is the eagerness of parents on quality education resources. Policy concern should focus on how to increase investment, cultivate more quality schools. Increase in quality resources Under the premise of distribution balance, the quality of education, "I have admitted" will last smoothly.
At the same time, we must also start from the quantity and quality of teachers, and comprehensively improve teachers’ treatment, build a high level, high-quality teacher team.
More and more people recognize that the purpose of education is to "cultivate people" rather than "screening people". Mr. Fu organized the activities of "Lightintheeyes" in the community. From April to October, every night he will bring a group of children "crazy", play basketball, play football, jump rope, throwing the sandbag, jumping, the eyes, and will organize "large-scale parent-child activities every Friday ".
Some children have been playing well, stop extracurricular class.
There are also children to play early, they will finish the job first, form a "benign circulation".
Ms. Feng, the children of the Parents of Beijing, juited to read the fourth grade in a local school. She didn’t have the Olympics, English extracurricular class, did not participate in the cup or took any awards.
"From the dimension of the standardization exam, he does not have a special competitive advantage." Ms. Feng said, "But he is what I am looking forward to – optimistic, kind, true, health, I like to use painting to express myself, good at people, and I know yourself. "Yue will sing songs to complete the job, and will spend more than an hour to make a comic book. "In the face of unknown future, more and more social value evaluation, using yesterday’s method to teach today’s students, actually deprived their tomorrow.
Ms. Feng said. Education experts believe that life is much longer than the marathon, not a hundred meters sprint. Parents don’t be misleaded by the "loss of starting line", don’t always want children to "rush"; pay attention to children’s psychology Health, pay attention to cultivate children’s independent learning, life ability, and prepare for children’s life "long run".
(Editor: Hao Mengjia, Wen Wei) Sharing Let more people see the recommended reading.