Guizhou Moutai (600519) Review of operating data in the first half of 2019: The first half of the performance is in line with expectations and waits for direct sales volume

Guizhou Moutai (600519) Review of operating data in the first half of 2019: The first half of the performance is in line with expectations and waits for direct sales volume
Event: On July 12, Japan’s Guizhou Moutai released operating data for the first half of the year. In the first half of 19, the company completed the production of Moutai liquor-based wine.4 prototypes, series wine-based wine production1.1 initial stage; realized total operating income of 412 trillion, a year-on-year growth of 16.9%, net profit attributable to shareholders of listed companies was 19.9 billion yuan, an increase of 26 in the future.2%. Although the growth rate of opinion performance was lower than expected, it met the expected indicators.The growth rate forecast for the first half of 19 years, total operating income and net profit growth will increase by 11 in the second 西安耍耍网 quarter.1%, 19.6%.We think the main reasons for the lower-than-expected performance are: 1) from the perspective of the dealer, the company has cancelled over 800 dealers in total, and the corresponding over 6,000 tons quota has not yet been released through the direct sales channel, thus reducing the overall growth rate of the dealer; 2From the point of view of direct sales, the current direct sales channels are almost clearly heavy, and only the addition of high value-added products such as vintage wines and boutique wines has been added. Since boutique wines are new revenues, and old-style wines have better growth rates,Therefore, non-standard volume may be a source of profit elasticity in 19Q2. It is expected that direct sales in Q4 of 19 will begin to increase volume.In terms of channels, dealers have received 7 or 8 months at the end of June, and high value-added products such as zodiac wine have been shipped normally. It is estimated that the second quarter of 19 shipments will be about 7,000 tons, an increase of about 9.4%, but some dealers have stockpile and wait for the peak season overlap. At the end of 6 months, the use of the national wine Moutai trademark ownership market feedback is still out of stock and the price continues to rise. Gradually increasing the volume of direct sales channels in the second half of the year is expected to increase the average price, and the 19-year performance will maintain rapid growth.We believe that the company’s 19-year performance is committed to maintaining rapid growth: 1) Company 1.7 Agents and distributors are fixed, while the rest are delivered through direct sales channels in the second half of the year. At the same time, the company’s increase in the proportion of non-standard wine will help increase the overall average price. As the performance base of 18Q3 decreases, the decrease in Q2 performance will bring more to Q3Flexibility; 2) For the series of wines, the company plans to achieve 100 ppm of sales revenue with the same sales volume; 3) The dealers have completed the payment of the total dealers at the end of March, and the vintage wines and fine wines are also in JuneThe batch payment will be reached (some large business transactions are returned). Considering sufficient advance payment and excellent liquidity, it is expected that the company’s performance will continue to maintain a high growth rate. We maintain the company’s “overweight” rating. We expect the company’s operating income for 2019-2021 to be 895 respectively.30, 1038.60, 1196.49 trillion; net profit attributable to shareholders of the parent company was 430.64, 504.30, 587.4.8 billion.We believe that due to the gradual increase in the proportion of the company’s direct sales channels, the continuous increase in brand power, the company’s performance will increase, and the company’s 32-34 times PE is reasonable, and the corresponding reasonableness is 1096.96-1199.8 yuan. Risk reminders: macroeconomic downside risks, food safety risks, and high-end wine prosperity decline.

Zhongnan Construction (000961) 2019 performance pre-increasing comment: sales increase significantly

Zhongnan Construction (000961) 2019 performance 南京桑拿论坛 pre-increasing comment: sales increase significantly

19-year performance forecast of 4-6 billion 400 million, previously + 80-110%, flat or more than 19 years of promised performance 4 billion companies issued a 2019 performance pre-announcement announcement, the net profit attributable to shareholders of listed companies in 2019 may increase by 80% -110%, Corresponding amount is 39.

47-46.

US $ 0.5 billion, flat or more than the 19-year commitment of 39 in the July 18 incentive plan.

78 ppm; basic profit gain1.

06-1.

24 yuan, + 80% -110% per year; the large increase in performance was mainly due to the increase in the settlement scale of real estate business.

In addition, the company announced an equity incentive plan in May 2019, and plans to grant a stock budget to account for the total share capital3.

73%, included in the July 18 incentive plan 6.
.

27%, two times totaled 10%; exercise price of 8.

49 yuan; and further extended the 21-year performance growth over the 17-year growth rate of not less than 1,408%, or 9 billion US dollars, showing profound development confidence.

In 19 years, the company + 34%, maintaining a high growth, taking land / 26% of this kind, the equity ratio was raised to 70% in 19 years, the company’s sales amount was 1,960.

500 million, +33 a year.

7%; sales area 1,540.

70,000 flats, +34 in ten years.

6%; the average selling price of 12,725 yuan / flat, many years -0.

7%.

In 19, the amount of land taken was 51.2 billion, adjacent to -25.

8%, the land acquisition amount accounted for 26% of the sales amount; but the equity land acquisition amount reached 361 trillion, a slight increase of 0 from last year.

1%, indicating that the company is cautious in taking land, but the equity ratio has increased from 52% to 70%.

In 19, the land area was 9.68 million square meters, ten years -39.

3%, land acquisition area accounted for 63% of sales area; land acquisition average price of 5,293 yuan / flat, ten years +22.

1%, mainly due to the increase in the proportion of the company’s acquisition of land in first- and second-tier cities, such as Xiamen, Hangzhou; the average price of land acquisition accounted for 42% of the average sales price.

As of the end of 19Q3, the company had a total of 349 projects with a planned construction area of 34.23 million countries and an unconstructed construction area of 13.32 million countries. A total of 47.55 million countries had total soil reserves.

The resistance rate increased and the down payment was locked up to 4.

6 times, the follow-up settlement performance increased with high certainty 3Q19 The company’s asset-liability ratio was 90 in the final period.

9%, -0 at the end of the earlier 18 years.

78 points, 44 after excluding advance payment.

1%, -0 at the end of the earlier 18 years.

91 points; net debt ratio 175.

6%, -15 earlier than the end of 18 years.

9pct; short cash debt ratio by 1 of 19H1.

49 times increased to 1.

59 times; with interest denies a surplus of 69.1 billion, exceeding +23.

1%, the earlier 1H19 increased by only 500 million U.S. dollars, and the 18 years of real estate sales cover interest bearing multiples of 2.

12 times.

Of the interest-bearing debt at the end of 1H19, bank borrowings, bonds and others accounted for 49%, 30%, and 22%, respectively, of -3.

4 pct, + 4.
7pct, -1.
3pct; In November, the company issued a 4-year corporate bond of 10 ppm / 7.

6%, financing costs can be controlled.

At the end of 3Q19, the company received advance accounts of 127.9 billion yuan, +21 in ten years.

3%, covering 18 years of real estate settlement income4.

6 times, far higher than the industry average, and continues to improve compared with the end of 18 years.

Investment suggestion: Great increase in performance, beautiful sales, re- “strong push” rating. Zhongnan Construction experienced a full range of positive changes under the change of Chen Kai during 2016-19. The enhancement of autonomy and market-oriented machine manufacturing has created a new Zhongnan.The company entered a stage of rapid growth.

In May 2019, the company introduced new incentives, and its performance commitment has been extended to 2021, reaching 9 billion U.S. dollars, demonstrating profound development confidence.

We maintain the company’s expected earnings forecast for 2019-21 to 1.

10, 1.

89 and 2.

45 yuan, current price corresponding to 19-21 PE is limited to 9.

2/5.

3/4.

1x, compared to previous NAV16.

The 81 yuan discount is 40%. Considering that the company’s profit margin is expected to rise at a low level, and the prepayments are covered at a high level, the potential for future release of performance is strong. We raise the target price to 13 in accordance with the PE target of 2020.

23 yuan, “strong push” level again.

Risk Warning: The sales volume in third- and fourth-tier cities fell faster than expected and industry funds tightened more than expected.

Tonghua Dongbao (600867): Insulin product income picks up and waits for Ganjing to be approved

Tonghua Dongbao (600867): Insulin product income picks up and waits for Ganjing to be approved
Investment Highlights Performance Summary: The company achieved revenue in 2019H114.400 million (-2%); net profit attributable to mother 5.300 million (-1%), net profit after deduction 53 (+ 1%), operating cash flow 5.80,000 yuan (+27.3%), basically in line with expectations. Performance was basically in line with expectations, and income from insulin products recovered. The company achieved revenue 7 in Q2 2019.200 million (-3.2%), net profit attributable to mother 2.600 million (-1.5%), basically in line with expectations. From the income point of view: 2019H1 recombinant human insulin APIs and injection products income of about 11.700 million 四川耍耍网 (+7.8%), which shows that the influence of channel overstocking has been gradually eliminated, and the growth rate is picking up; in conversion, the revenue share of this segment has increased compared with the same period last year.5pp, indicating that the company’s main business is rapidly concentrating on biological products. From the perspective of profitability: 1) The gross profit margin of the first half of 2019 increased by 1 due to the increase in the proportion of income from insulin products.2pp; 2) The sales expense ratio and the management expense ratio remained the same as the same period of the previous year, and many were stable. Immediate approval for insulin glargine is coming, and the company has ushered in a positive inflection point. Insulin glargine is a long-acting basal insulin, with a global market size of US $ 12.5 billion in 2018, and is the largest variety of three-generation insulin. The company’s insulin glargine was reported to be produced in 2017. It is currently in the review stage of the Chinese People’s Procuratorate and is expected to be approved for listing in the fourth quarter of 2019. At present, the industry trend is that the third-generation insulin replaces the second-generation varieties. The company’s second-generation insulin is the industry’s leading variety, and the third-generation insulin glargine is a strategic blockbuster product. After listing, it will be shared with the second-generation channels to form a synergistic effect.Cost is expected to drive the company into a turning point in growth. All-round distribution of hypoglycemic varieties, the strongest diabetes drug echelon in China is gradually emerging. The company is actively deploying other products in the field of diabetes, and has a rich research and development reserve. 1) Third-generation insulin: insulin glargine (reported for production), insulin aspart (reported for supplementation), insulin aspart 30 and 50 (in phase 3 clinical trials), insulin detemir and insulin lispro (clinical trial preparation stage), A combination of super fast-acting insulin and insulin-based meals (reported for clinical trials in the first half of 2020). 2) GLP-1 agonists: liraglutide (in phase III clinical) and dulatin (preclinical research); 3) oral hypoglycemic agent: reglinide and its metformin compound preparation, amberTragliptin acid, sitagliptin, and its combination with metformin and englitazone are at different stages of development.On the whole, the company has formed the highest complete diabetes drug echelon in China, becoming the company’s customer base and a strong sales team, and continued growth is expected. Profit forecast and rating. It is estimated that the net profit attributable to mothers in 2019-2021 will be 1 billion and 11 respectively.9 trillion and 14.200 million, net profit attributable to mothers will remain at 19 in the next three years.1% composite strength.Maintain “Buy” rating. Risk reminder: the risk of insulin glargine listing is not up to expectations, the research and development progress is not up to expectations, and the risk of the expected progress of the Treasure Biotech Innovation Board.

Guolian (603613): Performance is close to the upper limit of the forecast TOB Pinduoduo has a bright future: Guolian

Guolian (603613): Performance is close to the upper limit of the forecast TOB “Pinduoduo” has a bright future: Guolian

The event company released the third quarter report of 2019. In the first three quarters of 2019, the company achieved operating income of 41.

45 ppm, an increase of 77 in ten years.

18%; net profit attributable to mothers reached 98.63 million yuan, a year-on-year increase of 61.

06%; net non-return to mother’s net profit of 96.34 million yuan, an annual increase of 57.

46%.

  Opinion: The performance is close to the upper limit of the notice, and Q3 growth is further accelerated. The announcement shows that the first three quarters of revenue increased by 77.

2%, net profit increases by 61 every year.

1%, both are close to the forecast limit, in line with our expectations, slightly exceeding market expectations.

Q3 single-quarter revenue increased by 88% per year and net profit increased by 71% per year, all significantly faster than the growth rate of H1.

The company model has been continuously recognized and the penetration rate has continued to increase.

  The gross profit margin decreased slightly but the gross profit increased rapidly. The company is currently more worthy of scale expansion in the first three quarters. The company’s gross profit margin is 7.

1%, about 1 lower than the same period last year.

7pct, but gross profit increased by about 43% in ten years.

The company’s slightly lower gross profit margin is due to the company’s further expansion at the current stage, and the faster than expected horizontal expansion of many platforms during the Double Tenth E-commerce Festival also confirmed this view.

The company’s TO B Pinduoduo model has been verified and started to replicate. In addition to the expected amount of paper and fat on-line in the e-commerce festival, the amount of grain and oil on-line exceeded expectations.

With reference to the performance of several TOTO platforms, we estimate that TOTO will achieve 100 million transactions this year, and may reach 600 million next year. We expect that the overall contribution of several newly established TOTO platforms is expected to reach about 2 billion next year, becoming an important growthDriving 杭州桑拿网 force.

  The Double 10 E-commerce Festival transaction volume exceeded expectations. It is expected that the incremental growth rate will further accelerate the Double 10 transaction volume beyond expectations, and the total transaction volume reached 21.

500 million, which is close to 2.4 billion in the first half in absolute terms, which is 61% of the same period last year. In terms of growth rate, the annual growth rate of 110% is faster than 70% in the first half.

The role of listing in boosting the company’s development has just begun to manifest.

Taking into account the Double Ten e-commerce transaction volume exceeded expectations, the expected growth rate is expected to be close to 80%, which is faster than the first three quarters.

In addition, the city where the company chooses to implement a change in the location of its investment projects also means that the future transaction volume is expected to continue to grow rapidly.

  Investment suggestion: The company’s “plenty and more” e-commerce model has been successfully implemented. The industry’s growth period is still far from the ceiling, the barriers are high, and it has entered a period of sustained high-speed growth performance release.

Maintain the profit forecast and expect the company to achieve a net profit in 2019-2021.

57/2.

45/3.

620,000 yuan, a compound growth rate of more than 50% in the next three years, maintaining the “overweight” level.

  Risk warning: Macroeconomic fluctuations affect downstream demand; commodity price fluctuation risks; subsequent category expansion is less than expected.

Aonong Bio (603363) Annual Report and First Quarterly Report Commentary: Earlier Performance Earnings and High Growth Rates Can Be Expected

Aonong Bio (603363) Annual Report and First Quarterly Report Commentary: Earlier Performance Earnings and High Growth Rates Can Be Expected

Highlights of the report describe the company’s 2018 revenue 57.

6 billion, an increase of 17 in ten years.

5%, net profit attributable to shareholders of the parent company is 0.

300 million, down 72% before.

The company achieved revenue of 13 in the first quarter of 2019.

400 million, down by 1 every year.

2%, net profit attributable to shareholders of the parent company is 0.

1.7 billion, an increase of 23 in ten years.

6%.

Event comment The sluggish pig price led to the replacement of the breeding business as the main reason for the company’s performance replacement in 2018.

The average hog price in 2018 was 12.

7 yuan / kg, down 15 later.

3%, the average price of piglets is 25.

2 yuan / kg, a drop of 37% every year, the company’s live pig slaughter in 2018 41.

70,000 heads, an increase of 90 in ten years.

8%, after deducting the cost-expenditure caused by the expansion of production and provision for impairment, the company is expected to invest about 50 million yuan in the pig breeding sector.

The operating profit of the feed business also increased. The company’s 2018 feed sales volume ranked 162, an increase of 16 as well.

7%, of which 152 were the sales volume of pig feed, an increase of 13.

8%, sales of other materials 10%, the same increase of 90%.

Affected by the sluggish breeding market, feed gross margin has increased, from 18.

6% interest rate 14.

6%.

The feed sector is expected to contribute about 100 million profit.

Cost-optimized companies that increased piglet prices increased their first-quarter results in 2019.

The price of piglets began to increase after the Spring Festival, and the average price of piglets was 30 in March.

35 yuan / kg, up 9 before.

8% (Although pig prices were low in January, sales accounted for a small proportion).

The company produced 170,000 pigs in the first quarter, an increase of 167%, of which piglets accounted for 60%.

The company’s production efficiency has also improved, and the PSY level is expected to increase to 24.

To reduce the impact of expenses, in the first quarter, the company’s breeding sector is expected to contribute about 7 million yuan in profit, and the feed sector is expected to contribute about 10 million yuan in profit.

The scale of the company’s listing is expected to achieve rapid growth.

The company produced productive biological assets in the first quarter.

07 billion, the previous growth rate reached 72%, an increase of 28% compared to the end of 2018, ending the company’s inventory of sows at the end of the first quarter about 40,000.

It is under the perfect epidemic prevention system that the company is less affected by the epidemic situation and its production capacity has maintained 返回码: 500 网站打不开?重查 rapid expansion.

The company’s fixed assets and construction in progress reached 12 respectively.

8.5 billion and 2.

7.2 billion, with annual changes of 53.

5% and -17.8%.

In addition to the self-built pig farm, the company also promoted the breeding and release of breeding through the partner’s agent construction model. The scale of the market in the future is expected to achieve rapid expansion.

Optimistic about the company’s future development.

With sufficient projects and land reserves, a young and professional team, a sound incentive mechanism, and a sound safety and epidemic prevention system, the company’s scale of listing in the future is expected to achieve rapid growth and become a new breed in the industry.

It is estimated that the company will sell 900,000 and 1.8 million heads in 2019-2020, and 杭州夜网论坛 the EPS will be 0.

60 and 2.

67 yuan, given a “buy” rating.

Risk Warning: 1.

The scale of the company’s listing is not up to expectations; 2.

The company was affected by African swine fever.

What is the best meat to eat in winter

What is the best meat to eat in winter

Introduction of lamb raw materials Sheep are pure herbivores, so the meat of mutton is tenderer than beef, easy to digest, high protein, low feces, contains more phospholipids, less trace content than pork and beef, less cholesterol content, it is a cold-proof supplement in winterOne of the delicious, can receive the dual effects of tonic and cold protection.

  Nutrition analysis 1.

Mutton is warm and often eaten in winter. It can increase the speed of the human body and protect against cold, but also increase digestive enzymes, protect the stomach wall, repair gastric mucosa, help the spleen and stomach digestion, and play an anti-aging effect; 2.

Mutton is rich in nutrients, which may be of great benefit to tuberculosis, bronchitis, hypertension, anemia, postpartum qi and blood deficiency, abdominal cold pain, cold and cold, malnutrition, weak waist and knees, impotence and premature ejaculation, and all colds.; And has kidney and impotence, tonic temperature and other effects, men are suitable for regular consumption.

  Relevant population The general population may consume 1.

Suitable for physically weak and cold; 2.

People with fever, toothache, sore tongue, yellow phlegm, etc. should not eat it; liver disease, hypertension, acute enteritis or other infectious diseases and fever should not be eaten.

  The therapeutic effect is sweet, hot, enters the spleen, stomach, kidney, and heart meridian; spleen and stomach is warmed by spleen and stomach, used to treat nausea caused by spleen and stomach deficiency, and the body is weak and chills;Deficiency in waist and knee caused by deficiency of cold and pain, impotence and embolism; supplement blood and warming menstruation for abdominal cold pain caused by postpartum blood deficiency and cold.

  Ancient Chinese medicine believes that mutton is a good product for helping Yuan Yang, nourishing essence and blood, treating lung deficiency, and benefiting from strain, and is an excellent warming and strengthening agent.

  Remarks on how to make mutton: 1.

Put a few holes in the radish, cook with the mutton, then remove the mutton and cook it again. The odor will be removed; 2.

Put 5 grams of mung beans per 1,000 grams of mutton. After boiling for 10 minutes, pour off water and mung beans, and the mutton smell will be removed; 3.

When cooking mutton, add 100 grams of cut sugar cane per 500 grams of mutton to remove the odor of mutton and increase the umami taste; 4.

Cut the mutton into a boiling water pot and add a little rice vinegar (500 mutton with 500 ml of water, 25 grams of vinegar). After boiling, remove the mutton and cook. The flavor will be removed.

  Identify sheep and goat meat: look at the color.

Sheep meat muscles are dark red, with thin, soft fibers and white aunts between the muscles, slightly hard and brittle.

Goat meat is lighter in color than older sheep. It has subcutaneous aunts and aunts with fractures only in the abdomen. The flesh smells bad; secondly, the wool shape is not cleaned on the meat.

Sheep meat hair bone, goat meat hair stiff; three look at the ribs.

Sheep meat ribs are narrow and short, while goat meat ribs are wide and long.

  Introduction to Beef Ingredients Beef is the second largest meat food in China, second only to pork. Beef has high protein content and low trace content, so it has a delicious taste and is loved by people.

  Nutrition analysis 1.

Beef protein protein, amino acid composition is closer to human needs than pork, can improve the body’s resistance to disease, is suitable for growth and development, and post-illness people to supplement blood loss, repair tissue, etc. Beef can warm the stomach in winterSupplements for the season; 2.

Beef has the effects of nourishing the spleen and stomach, nourishing the spleen and stomach, strengthening the bones and bones, relieving phlegm and relieving wind, quenching thirst and relieving asthma. It is suitable for those who have hidden in the middle air, shortness of breath, weakness of muscles and bones, long-term anemia and dizziness.  3.

Water buffalo can recuperate and recuperate, yellow beef can recuperate Qi, strengthen the spleen and stomach, and strengthen muscles and bones.

  Relevant population The general population may consume 1.

It is suitable for people who grow and develop, in the early stage and after the illness, who have insufficiency of shortness of breath, shortness of breath and weakness, weak muscles and bones, chronic anemia and yellow eyes.

People with infectious diseases, liver disease, or kidney disease should eat it with caution; yellow beef is a hair product, and those with sores, eczema, acne, itching should be used with caution; 3.

High cholesterol, high aunt, elderly, children, people with poor digestion should not eat more; 4.

Excessive consumption may increase the risk of colon and prostate cancer.

  Production guide 1.

Put a hawthorn, a piece of orange peel or a little tea when cooking, the beef is rotten; the stewed beef can better preserve the nutritional content

  2.

Coat the beef with a layer of mustard the night before cooking the old beef, rinse it with cold water the next day, and cook in the pot. When cooking, put some wine and vinegar. After this process, the old beef is easy to rot and the meat becomes tender.The color is delicious and the aroma is tangy.

  3.

When it comes to braised beef, it has the lowest temperature in the snow and the meat is delicious.

  4.

The fibrous tissue of beef is thicker, and the connective tissue overlaps. It should be cut transversely, and the long fibers should be cut off. It can’t be cut along the fibrous tissue, otherwise it won’t even taste and won’t rot.

  5. Beef is easy to turn black after being blown by wind.

  The therapeutic effect is sweet, flat, returning to the spleen, and stomach meridian; yak beef has the effects of nourishing the spleen and stomach, nourishing qi and blood, strengthening bones and bones, and eliminating edema.
  The elderly eat beef and cactus together, which can fight cancer and relieve pain, and improve the immune function of the body; stewed beef with red dates stew can help muscle growth and promote wound healing.

  Note 1.

The fresh beef is shiny, the red color is slightly dark, the aunt is white or light yellow, the appearance is slightly dry or air-dried film, non-sticky, good elasticity, and fresh meat taste.

Old beef is dark red and thick; tender beef is light red, firm and fine, and elastic.

  2.

Some people think that the taste is the most delicious when the beef begins to rot.

In fact, this is extremely absurd.

Although the internal maturation period after the slaughter is longer than other meats, it is fully matured before the store is set up, and it can be left at home for only three or four days. The whole meat is limited to one week.

At the same time, in order to prevent oxidation and deterioration, it should be stored in the refrigerator.

  3.

You can eat beef once a week, and you ca n’t eat too much. In addition, it is better for Aunt Niu to eat, otherwise it will increase the amount of lactic acid and unfortunate accumulation in the body.

  Introduction to fish raw materials Anchovy, also known as anchovy, is also called hitou. It is a carp and is produced throughout the country.

The fish is commonly known as coriander seed. It has delicious meat and tender meat. It is full of nutrition, contains more protein, has fewer larvae, and is fresh and not greasy. It is slightly sweet; it is a highly adaptable fish that inhabits rivers.In lakes, ponds, rivers and canals, especially in shallow lakes and ponds overgrown with grasses, catfish are produced all year round, but with 2?
April and August?
The fattest is produced in December.

The carp is flat and tall on the side, smaller in body, dark on the back, and light in color on the abdomen. The body color varies depending on the place of origin, mostly black with metallic luster, no need on the mouth, small scales, and the shape of the fin is the same as that of a carp.

The carp meat is tender and delicious, with high nutritional value, but small and numerous spines.

  Nutrition analysis 1.

Carassius auratus has high-quality and complete protein, which can be absorbed. It is a good source of protein for patients with liver and kidney disease, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. Regular food can enhance disease resistance, hepatitis, nephritis, hypertension, hypertension, chronic bronchitis, etc.Patients with disease can often take it; 2.

Anchovies have the effects of strengthening the spleen and dampness, and having an appetizing effect, promoting blood circulation and clearing collaterals, warming and lowering qi, and have a good nourishing and therapeutic effect on spleen and stomach weakness, edema, ulcers, bronchitis, hypertension, and diabetes; postpartum women stew catfishSoup, can make up the deficiency of lactation; 3.

The fish is tender and delicious. It can be used for porridge, soup, vegetables, snacks, etc.

It is especially suitable for soup. It is not only delicious and delicious, but also has a tonic effect. It is very suitable for middle-aged and elderly people and those who are weak after illness. It is also especially suitable for pregnant women.

  Relevant population The general population may consume 1.

Suitable for people with chronic nephritis edema, liver cirrhosis, ascites, and malnourished edema; suitable for pregnant women who consume postpartum milk; suitable for those who have weak spleen and stomach and who do not have a good diet; suitable for the early stage of measles or those who are unhappy with measlesConsumption; suitable for hemorrhoids bleeding, chronic chronic stasis; 2.

Do not eat more during a cold or fever.

  Food is not suitable for eating catfish with garlic, sugar, mustard, ginseng, honey, pork liver, chicken, pheasant, venison, and Chinese medicinal Ophiopogon and Magnolia.

Avoid tea before and after eating fish.

  Production guide 1.

Sturgeon stew, dry roast, steamed, stew soup, similar, but stew soup is the most common; 2.

The best diet in winter season; the best nutrition of stew soup with catfish and tofu; 3.

For example, cooking soup with Chenpi and Anchovy has the effect of dispersing cold in the middle temperature, nourishing the spleen and appetizing, beneficial stomachache, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, indigestion, weakness, etc .;

Remove the fishy smell: clean the fish and remove the scales, and pour some rice wine into the basin to remove the fishy smell and make the fish taste delicious; cut and wash the fresh fish and soak it in milk for a whileIt can remove the fishy smell and increase the umami taste. After eating the fish, when you have a taste in the mouth, chew three or five slices of tea and immediately breathe fresh.

  The therapeutic effect of catfish is sweet, flat, enter the spleen, stomach, and large intestine; it has the effects of strengthening the spleen, appetizing, nourishing qi, diuretic, passing milk, and dehumidifying.

  Remarks for cutting fish: 1.

The flesh is thin, the fiber is short, and it is easy to break. When cutting the fish, the skin should be facing down and the knife edge slanted in. It is best to cut along the fishbone and cut more cleanly. 2.

The skin of the fish has a layer of mucus that is very slippery, so it is not easy to cut. If you soak your hands in salt water for a while while cutting the fish, the cut will not slip.

The wrong habits are the most hurtful

The wrong habits are the most hurtful

Modern people have more or less “defects”, such as a bad stomach, poor adaptability, etc., but how can they not find the “cause”. As everyone knows, most of these problems are closely related to the habits of childhood.

Experts will explain to you what small health hazards are the root causes of childhood.

  Not enough sleep, short in recent years, the height of the Chinese people has been rising.

But many other people worry that they are not tall, find work, and fall in love.

In fact, in addition to nutrition, height is also affected by many factors such as heredity, disease, and sleep.

  The chief pediatrician said that sleep is a key factor affecting height, especially in early childhood, because growth hormones that promote the growth of the human body are pulsed during the day and will peak after about 2 hours of falling asleep.Hormones account for almost half of a day’s secretion and are a prime time for long.

  A follow-up study by scholars from Emory University in the United States found that babies will have a snooze situation that increases their sleep by four and a half hours per day for two consecutive days before their height increases 48 hours.

Snooze babies may increase their height by 43% for each additional sleep; this may increase by 20% for every additional hour of sleep.

Moreover, as a child, it is a critical period for the development of sleep patterns. Once the routine is fixed, it will be difficult to correct it after growing up.

Therefore, it is recommended that infants under the age of 1 sleep 16 hours a day; 1?
3-year-olds sleep 12 hours per night, two or three hours during the day; 3?
6-year-old child sleeps 10 every day?
12 hours; 9 for elementary school students?
10 hours.

  Fast meals, metabolic chaos, and gobble are all image descriptions of fast meals. People’s stay time is indeed “shrinking”.

The survey showed that 43 out of 2743 people.

31% of people take “the shortest meal a day” for only 5 minutes, and this “accelerated” eating hurts the body unknowingly.

Gastroenterologists said that many of the patients had a habit of eating fast.

Often, the esophagus is stuffed before the peristalsis occurs, which results in varying degrees of acid reflux and heartburn.

  Experts point out that eating too fast, and gradually the brain has no time to remind the initialization to receive food, the stomach is filled up at once, it is easy to cause obesity, and it will cause digestive and metabolic disorders and other diseases.

Experts recommend that you do not urge your children during meals, and do not eat faster than anyone else, and correct their inattentive eating behaviors.

According to the children’s meals, a more suitable alternative time can be specified, such as half an hour, to help them control the pace of eating, to develop good eating habits from an early age.

  Eating cold and having poor digestion A new study published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology found that the continued incidence of hot weather has increased the incidence of disease.

Swiss researchers analyzed the incidence of gastrointestinal diseases when there were 17 heat waves from 2001 to 2005, and found that the incidence of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract increased by nearly 5% every day as the temperature increased, which is similar to eating on hot days.It’s too cold to get away.

Experts said that especially in childhood, it is most important to pay attention, because children’s gastrointestinal tract is relatively fragile, cold and hot adaptability is poor, excessive consumption of cold drinks or fruit stomach gastric mucosa blood vessel contraction, over time, easily lead to dysfunction.
  Experts point out that children who like to drink cold drinks generally look thin and thin and have poor resistance.

Therefore, parents are advised not to buy cold drinks as a favorite of their children. Even fruits and yogurt in the refrigerator should be recovered and left for 1 hour, and then let the children eat after the cold air has dissipated; cool things include autumn pear cream, mung beansSoups, watermelon juice, etc. should also be consumed in moderation.

  Snacks, chronic gastritis, diabetes, gastrointestinal disease, about 1 patients.

200 million, is a “big country of gastric disease”, of which chronic gastritis and peptic ulcer have multiple attacks, the incidence is 30% and 10% respectively.

Experts point out that many unhealthy eating habits are the main cause of the stomach’s frequent “noisy emotions.” Some snacks are almost every child’s favorite, but eating incorrectly and eating poorly is one of the factors leading to chronic gastritis.

  The non-profit organization “Love the Earth” pointed out in a survey that one in ten children in China consumes snacks containing additives more than three times a day, and 6% of children consume more than three bottles of drinks a day.

Therefore, experts point out that the accumulation of snacks in the body can make children feel full, they should not eat when they eat, and get hungry after snacks.

In the long run, the biological clock of three meals is disrupted, and the chances of chronic gastritis and functional dyspepsia are greatly increased after growing up.

Therefore, experts recommend that you have to choose healthy snacks. Some nutritious cereals, fruits, cheese, yogurt, etc., while instant noodles, ham sausage, jelly, instant milk tea, etc. are best not to eat.

In addition, snack time is also very important. It is best to be fixed between meals, that is, about 10 am and 3 pm, which does not affect the normal meals. It is best to put it in front of the table when you eat, and develop good habits.
  Play mat, cervical spondylosis According to statistics, the incidence of cervical spondylosis has increased significantly in recent years, and it is showing a trend of aging. At present, the smallest patient with cervical spondylosis is only 7 years old.

In fact, the cervical spine problem is not formed in a short period of time, and even longer bad habits lead to the root cause of the disease even from the baby stage.

  Now, mobile phones, tablets, and game consoles have become children’s new darlings. At family dinners, the living treasures that had been playing around have become little “low heads” of their own electronic products.
Orthopedic experts said that there must be a certain physiological curvature between the various segments of the spine to play a buffering role.

In front of the computer, people with high blood pressure are inactive, the cervical curvature of the cervical spine changes, and nerves or blood vessels in the spinal canal are stimulated, which can easily develop into cervical spondylosis.

  Related surveys also show that people who use a computer for more than 4 hours per day, 81.

Six percent of people had scoliosis of varying degrees.
Experts said that although it is not realistic for children to completely replace with mobile phones and computers, it is necessary to prevent children under 4 years of age from accessing such supplies and strictly controlling contact time (not more than half an hour a day).

When looking at a computer, mobile phone, etc., keep your eyes at an appropriate distance from the screen.

  Willfulness, high blood pressure, picking up if you do n’t agree with two words, getting furious if you do n’t want to, and getting frustrated when you encounter some setbacks . Many people are affected by emotions in life. These problems and growing environment, family education are very bigRelationship.
  Most of today’s children are only children. They were born and raised from little puppets and are self-centered. They always ignore the needs and expectations of others.

Mental Health Association professors point out that most of the personality problems after growing up are caused by improper family education.

If parents are overly doting on their children, blindly moving will make it difficult to adapt to society, and it is easier to encounter setbacks and obstacles.

At the same time, the wayward willfulness is hard to avoid.

  A psychological study by the University of Iowa found that frustration and stress can promote the secretion of the stress hormone cortisol in the body, which in the long run can lead to weight gain and increased blood pressure.

Therefore, experts recommend that parents correct their child’s willful behavior in a timely manner and let him spend more time with his peers.

Children will not be accustomed to each other. It can make him understand that self-centeredness cannot get along with others happily, and then slowly learn to compromise, give in and give up, gradually form a good social adaptability, and enhance the sense of teamwork.

Simple 4 ways to treat autumn diarrhea in children

Simple 4 ways to treat autumn diarrhea in children

[Guide]The main pathogen of diarrhea in children in autumn is rotavirus, and the peak annual incidence is October, November, and December.

It is sporadic or pandemic, transmitted through the feces, or can be caused by respiratory infections in the form of aerosols.

Latency 1?
3 days, more than 6?
Infants 24 months and younger than 4 years old are rare.

Sudden onset, often accompanied by fever and symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection, without obvious symptoms of infection and poisoning.

Beginning of illness 1?
Vomiting often occurred on 2 days, followed by diarrhea.

There are many stools, a lot of water, and a lot of water. The yellow water samples or egg patterns will have a small amount of mucus and no fishy odor.

Often accompanied by dehydration, acidosis and electrolyte disturbances.

Rotavirus infection may invade multiple organs and can cause neurological symptoms such as convulsions; some children show abnormal serum myocardial enzymes, suggesting myocardial involvement.

This disease is a self-limiting disease. After a few days, vomiting and vomiting will stop, diarrhea will ease, and children who do not feed will recover. The natural course is about 3?
8 days, few alternatives.

Stool microscopy occasionally has a small amount of white blood cells. 1 after infection?
A large amount of virus is excreted from the stool within 3 days, and the maximum can reach 6 days.

The treatment of acute diarrhea includes: adjusting the diet, preventing and correcting dehydration, rationally using medicine, strengthening nursing, and preventing complications.

(1) Diet therapy: Due to the increase in nutritional requirements during diarrhea, it is not appropriate to restrict malnutrition caused by excessive diet or fasting for a long time. Those who have severe vomiting can temporarily fast.
6 hours, can not help but water, viral enteritis and secondary lactase deficiency, can change beans, starch milk substitutes.

(2) Correction of water, electrolyte disorders and acid-base imbalance: According to its clinical manifestations, it is divided into mild, moderate and severe dehydration. The treatment is also divided into oral rehydration and intravenous rehydration.

(3) Drug treatment: Generally no antibiotics are required for autumn diarrhea; in vivo micro-ecological therapy helps to restore the ecological balance of the normal flora in the body. Bifidobacteria are commonly used; intestinal mucosa protective agents are commonly used with montmorillonite powder; antidiarrheal agents are avoided.Because it can inhibit gastrointestinal motility, increase bacterial reproduction and toxin absorption, it is very dangerous for infectious diarrhea.

(4) Chinese medicine treatment: for diarrhea with symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection, dialectical treatment of antiviral and digestive formulas, such as Jianer Qingjie liquid containing chrysanthemum hawthorn, forsythia, and tangerine peel are feasible for cold diarrhea.

Skinny Yoga

Skinny Yoga

Still worried about thin legs?

Still afraid that your calf will become thicker after exercise?

Recommend you to do stovepipe yoga!

Skinny Leg Yoga only needs to stretch your legs and bones to pull out the slim legs. It will not become muscles and make your calves thicker.

Let’s do it together!

  Step 1 lies on the ground flat, with legs straight, toes straight, back straight, hands next to each other; step 2 inhale, lean back slightly, focus body weight to the front, legs slowRaise it slowly 45 degrees upwards, holding your hands parallel to keep your body parallel; Step 3 exhale, hands slowly straight forward against the calf horizontally, palms facing each other; Step 4 hold for 30 seconds to 1 minute, and then slowly recover,Relax your body.

  Inverted triangle step 1 Steps 3-4 steps forward and backward, left foot forward, right foot backward, step straight, hands open horizontally and straight; step 2 inhale, slowly bend forward and slightly to the left3 steps and 3 exhales, the body slowly sinks down, the right hand is placed on the outside of the left foot, the palm is against the ground, the right hand is straight up, the fingertips are stretched together, the body is parallel to the ground; step 4 is held for 30 seconds to 1 minute,Recover slowly, repeat while changing sides, then relax.

  Step 1 Shoulder lying on the ground with your feet straight and your hands on both sides of the body. Step 2 Inhale, straighten your legs upwards, press your waist and legs hard, lift your shoulders up, and your hands againstHold your waist down; step 3 exhale, back, legs stretch upwards, toes straight, chin close to hips; step 4 hold for 30 seconds to 1 minute, slowly lower your legs, relax the body.

  The soldier stepped on his knees on the ground with his hands resting on the body; step 2 inhaled, with his right foot forward, bent his right knee so that the tibia was at 90 degrees, his left leg leaned back, his left foot on the ground, forward3step 3 Exhale, straighten up and straight up, put your hands together, put your heads back together, tilt your head backwards, and look at your fingertips; Step 4 Hold for 30 seconds to 1 minute, slowly recover, repeat the change, then letRelax your body.

Wanting a child to be high in protein is more important than calcium

Wanting a child to be high in protein is more important than calcium

Many parents require children to drink milk or calcium every day for their children to grow taller, thinking that as long as the calcium is enough, they can grow up quickly.

There is no direct relationship between calcium and height.

The main function of calcium is to strengthen bones and increase bone density; the key nutrient that actually affects growth is protein, which can stimulate the potential of genes.

In addition, the growth hormone that promotes growth in “Sleep Height” is also a hormone synthesized by proteins.

  However, a healthy body can promote bone development and growth, and stimulate the potential for growth. To maintain the normal functioning of the body, the diet should be balanced and diverse. In addition to protein, sufficient sugars, vitamins, minerals and other foods are required.Avoiding protein intake is considered improper consumption as a source of energy.

In particular, protein needs to be matched with carbohydrates in order to be effectively used. In order to grow tall, protein, carbohydrates and vitamins are indispensable. A balanced diet is the most important.

The following are recommended protein foods that help grow taller: 1.

The protein in milk has all the amino acids necessary for human growth and development. It is the best source of human calcium. You can also eat more cheese and yogurt. Be careful not to use milky drinks instead of milk.

  2.

Soy products The human body cannot synthesize eight essential amino acids that must be taken from food.

Except for methionine residues, soybeans are more abundant.

In addition, soy is rich in calcium, which is an important source of human calcium.

Can give children tofu, soy milk and so on.

  3.

Animal food Eggs, meat, and fish contain essential human amino acids that are relatively complete, high in nutritional value, and rich in protein, so eat more.

  Want your baby to be tall and pay attention to the growth hormone secreted by the pituitary gland during sleep, which is an important hormone to stimulate the growth of children.

Human growth hormone secretion is unbalanced within 24 hours a day, and its secretion is higher in sleep than in wakefulness.

Insufficient sleep will affect children’s growth. Generally, newborns require 20 hours of sleep every day and night. 2?
June is 15?
18 hours; 6?
18 for 13?
15 hours; 18 months?
3 years old is 12?
13 hours; 3 years old?
7 is 11?
12 hours.

The sleep time required by children every day, individual differences converge. If some children have reduced sleep time, but their mental, emotional, and growth development is normal, there is no need to force it.

At the same time, from 9 to 10 every night, human growth hormone begins to enter a period of strong secretion. At this time, entering deep sleep is helpful for growing taller.